Analytical Reports

State of State Finances: 2018-19

This report covers 26 of the 29 states and the Union Territory of Delhi. These states together comprise 98% of the total budgets of all states, and contain 99% of India’s population. The states not included are Arunachal Pradesh,...

State of Indian Railways

This report analyses the state of Railways...

State of State Finances 2018

This report analyses finances of the following 19 states based on their 2017-18 budget documents.

Land Records and Titles in India

Land titles in India are unclear due to various reasons such as legacy issues of the zamindari system, gaps in the legal framework, and poor administration of land records. This report looks at issues arising from unclear land titles...

State of Agriculture in India

We provide an overview of the state of agriculture in India, and discuss some of the factors related to the production and post-harvest activities in agriculture.

State of State Finances Report

This report analyses the financial position of 17 states (including one union territory with legislature), based on their annual budgets across the last few years. These states account for over 80% of the total expenditure by all...

Overview of Ground Water in India

The Standing Committee on Water Resources examined the subject ‘Review of ground water scenario, need for a comprehensive policy and measures to address problems in the country with particular reference to (i) dark blocks, and (ii)...

Role of Private Sector in Higher Education

Various Committees and experts have highlighted the need for private investments in the higher education sector, to maximize enrollment.  This note looks at the regulatory framework, and issues concerning supply, access and quality...

Functioning of the Public Distribution System

This note describes the functioning of the existing TPDS mechanism and the role played by the centre and states.  It also explores challenges in the effective implementation of TPDS and alternatives to reform the existing machinery...